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After invading Ukraine in late February, Russia now controls some 22 percent of the country’s farmland, according to an analysis from NASA.

The Ukrainian farmland that is under Russian control includes some 28 percent of the country’s winter crops and 18 percent of its summer crops, according to the NASA Harvest team, a research program led by the agency.

Before the war, “Ukraine and Russia together accounted for 73 percent of sunflower oil exports, 33 percent of wheat, and 27 percent of barley,” the release said, citing data from the U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service. Ukraine alone was responsible for 46 percent of global exports of sunflower oil, 9 percent of wheat, 17 percent of barley and 12 percent of maize exports.

The war has disrupted those supply chains and fueled food insecurity globally. International organizations have been warning for months of a global hunger crisis as a result of rising prices while supplies of grain and other staples stuck in Ukraine cannot leave port because of Russia’s Black Sea blockade. Strikes across Ukraine have also disrupted farming in some areas, while in some cases, labor shortages have been caused by men of fighting age joining the military.

Becker-Reshef said in the release that Ukraine is on track for a “sizable” winter wheat yield this year despite the disruptions caused by the war — but notes that “a healthy crop in the ground … does not guarantee the crop will be harvested and sent to market.” Winter crops include wheat, barley and canola.