Floyd, 46, had been suspected of using a counterfeit $20 bill when police officers arrived on the scene and apprehended him.
Kneeling on his neck and back for nine minutes and 29 seconds, Chauvin ignored Floyd’s final words of “I can’t breathe”, even in the last two minutes of his life when he lay motionless and without a pulse.
The death of the father of five became a key moment in the Black Lives Matter protests against police brutality and institutional racism worldwide, which in turn will keep his memory alive forever.
But what of his murderer – the officer who squeezed the life out of his fellow man over nothing more than a suspected fake banknote?
Where is Derek Chauvin now?
Derek Chauvin has just reached the age of the man he killed, 46, having spent his birthday behind bars after being convicted of second-degree murder.
He was sentenced in the summer of 2021.
In total, he was charged with three criminal offence counts: unintentional second-degree murder; third-degree murder; and second-degree manslaughter.
After he was convicted the judge agreed to the prosecution’s request to block Chauvin from getting out on bail and he was returned to police custody.
When his bail was revoked he was initially taken to the Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office, before being transferred to the Minnesota Department of Corrections.
He was sent to Oak Park Heights Prison, the same place he had been held when he was initially arrested in 2020, where he has remained ever since.
Oak Park is the only Level 5 maximum-security prison in Minnesota, around 25 miles outside of the state capital, Minneapolis.
In 2021 it was reported by multiple outlets that Chauvin was being held in solitary confinement for 23 hours a day.
The decision to keep him there was made because it has a particularly safe track record with just one homicide on its records.
It describes itself as being a place for inmates who need a “higher level of security” – due to fears about Chauvin’s safety among the general population, he was moved to self-isolation.
His cell, when he first moved there, was reported by Forbes to contain just a bench, mattress pad, shower and toilet sink combination.
He is checked on once every 30 minutes by prison guards.
The prosecution is understood to have wanted a 30-year sentence for Chauvin, but in the end he was sentenced to 22.5 years.
He is likely to be transferred to a federal prison at some point, as part of a plea deal he made where he admitted to violating the rights of George Floyd.
He has not been sentenced for the federal charges, but it is likely he will have to spend 20-25 years behind bars.
He could get out after less than 15 years, dependent on his behaviour while serving his state sentence.
Former federal prosecutor Neama Rahmani told ABC News: “The general reason is federal prison just tends to be safer and nicer than state prison and local jails.”